ArchLinux Internet Connection Sharing on BeagleBone Black

I have a BeagleBone Black connected directly to my desktop PC for development and testing. Occasionally, I need the BBB to connect to the internet, for example to download updated packages. This post describes how I am sharing the internet connection between the two computers.

Tags: archlinux beaglebone networking


I am making the following assumptions:

  • eno1 is the name network interface that is connected to the internet
  • enp12s0 is the name of the network interface on the BBB
  • The subnet used is /

Your configuration might be different, and you have to adjust the steps below accordingly.

BBB Sharing Internet

Host Configuration

To configure the host PC that shared internet connection, first enable the network interface that is connected to the BBB and and set its IP address:

# ip link set up dev net0
# ip addr add dev enp12s0

Then enable packet forwarding:

# sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

To make the forwarding settings persistent, a sysctl configuration file must be created:

# nano /etc/sysctl.d/30-ipforward.conf


Now enable network address translation (NAT) on the interface that is connected to the internet:

# iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eno1 -j MASQUERADE
# iptables -A FORWARD -i enp12s0 -o eno1 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

The host PC will now forward relevant traffic from the BBB to the internet.

BBB Configuration

Configure a static IP address and route:

# ip addr add dev eth0
# ip link set up dev eth0
# ip route add default via dev eth0

Then configure any DNS servers, if needed (I use Google’s):

# nano /etc/resolv.conf


The BeagleBone Black should now be able to access the internet.

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